By Quentin Lewis
This publication probes the materiality of development in early 19th century rural Massachusetts. development was once a metaphor for human intervention within the dramatic alterations happening to the English talking global within the 18th and 19th centuries as a part of a transition to business capitalism. The that means of development vacillated among principles of financial revenue and human betterment, yet in perform, development trusted a vast assemblage of fabric issues and areas for coherence and enaction.
Utilizing archaeological facts from the house of a filthy rich farmer in rural Western Massachusetts, in addition to an research of early Republican agricultural guides, this ebook indicates how Improvement’s dual meanings of revenue and betterment opened up erratically throughout early 19th century New England. the development circulate in Massachusetts emerged at a time of serious social instability, and served to ameliorate becoming tensions among city and rural socioeconomic lifestyles via a clarification of area. along this clarification, development additionally served to reshape rural landscapes in response to the social and monetary techniques of a modernizing worldwide capitalism. however the contradictions inherent in such procedures spurred and buttressed wealth inequality, ecological misery, and social dislocation.
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Extra info for An Archaeology of Improvement in Rural Massachusetts: Landscapes of Profit and Betterment at the Dawn of the 19th century
13–20). It was a concept that was in the air in England in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth Improvement as Betterment 31 centuries and formed a part of the intellectual discussion in printed texts. Improvement paralleled the idea of progress, but where progress was how philosophers of the Enlightenment theorized history, as a movement from primitive barbarism to enlightened civilization, Improvement was how they understood agency within that history (Tarlow 2007, pp. 18–19). The use of the intellect, combined with the right material things, could lead to the betterment of individuals and societies.
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1966). The German ideology. New York: International. References 19 Mascia, S. F. (1996). “One of the best farms in Essex County”: The changing domestic landscape of a tenant who became an owner. In R. Yamin & D. B. ), Landscape Archaeology: Reading and Interpreting the American Historical Landscape (pp. 147–174). Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press. Mascia, S. F. (2005). The archaeology of agricultural life. In L. A. De Cunzo & J. H. ), Unlocking the past: Celebrating historical archaeology in North America.
An Archaeology of Improvement in Rural Massachusetts: Landscapes of Profit and Betterment at the Dawn of the 19th century by Quentin Lewis