By Franco Cardini
L'autore ricerca i 'caratteri originali' della grande città d'arte attraverso un viaggio nel suo passato, dalle origini ai tempi della florentina libertas, dai fasti del Principato mediceo e asburgo-lorenese, according to giungere alla Firenze del XX secolo con i suoi problemi e le sue crisi, ma anche con los angeles sua carica inventiva e l. a. sua spinta al rinnovamento. Il volumea ha lo scopo di cogliere in pochi, forti tratti della città, di rivisitare il passato alla luce del presente in keeping with comprendere i caratteri originali.
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Extra resources for A Short History of Florence
Thanks to him and his followers, the council of 1055 condemned “simony” and “concubinage” in the clergy, and in its name, in 1068, a monk who was a supporter of reform - called Fiery Pietro after this event - challenged the simoniac Bishop Pietro Mezzabarba to undergo ordeal by fire. The Bishop was forced to resign. Behind the turbulent events of the eleventh century, in Florence no less than in Milan and other centres in the peninsula, men of the middle classes and of decidedly humble origins began to come to the fore, proudly taking part in the work of cleaning up the Church: laymen whom records of the time call, somewhat disdainfully, patarini.
In the quarternarian era that plain was filled by a lake, one of the many which were scattered all over Tuscany until they were drained in the eighteenth-century; when the waters of the lake withdrew, they left the place a barren wasteland of stagnant pools and swamps. There are still traces of them, especially to the north-west, between Sesto, Campi Bisenzio and Signa; or to the south-east, in the area of Ripoli and the old “Bisarno”, where a few place names recall the “blades”, the strips of stagnant water where it was once easy to hunt, fish and catch malaria.
It is also accepted that Florence found a first pater patriae (father of the homeland) in Bishop Zanobi (the Florentine version of another oriental name, Zenobius) who in 405 stirred up the Florentines to resist the Goth Radagaiso who had laid siege to the city and was then defeated and executed by Stilicone, the great general of the Emperor Honorius. Thanks to Zanobi, the entire citizenry of Florence thereupon embraced the new religion, abandoning whatever was left in it of paganism. The Syriac saint, Reparata, was in consequence chosen as patron of the city.
A Short History of Florence by Franco Cardini