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By Manfred Krifka, Austinlsaarbriicken

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311). The transformation can be viewed as an example of refocusing. This kind of change has an obvious parallel in vision, where looking at the same scene can generate different cognitive processes depending on which aspects of the scene are focused on. Holmqvist (1993, p. ” Mandler (2004, pp. 81–82) relates image schemas to topological representations: An image of a container . . must have a particular shape, and the material inside it either conforms to the shape of the container or not, but a topological representation of this relation eliminates this information, leaving only the topological relation of a bounded space with an inside and an outside.

A fundamental assumption, though, is that the two kinds of attentional processes have essentially the same nature. According to Langacker, the schema for the verb “climb” can be turned into a schema for “climber” by using the same dimensions, objects, and relations. Only the focus of the schema is shifted from the time dimension to the trajector (fig. 2). 2 Image schema for “climber” (from Langacker, 1987, p. 311). The transformation can be viewed as an example of refocusing. This kind of change has an obvious parallel in vision, where looking at the same scene can generate different cognitive processes depending on which aspects of the scene are focused on.

It is important to introduce a distinction between a cognitive and a scientific interpretation of quality dimensions. The cognitive interpretation concerns the structure of human perception (and that of other animals) and their inner worlds. The scientific interpretation, on the other hand, deals with how different dimensions are presented within a scientific theory. For example, in optics the hue of a color is determined by a linear wavelength dimension, while the psychological representation is a circular dimension (see fig.

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A Compositional Semantics for Multiple Focus by Manfred Krifka, Austinlsaarbriicken


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