Download PDF by Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary: A Century of psychology as science

By Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary

ISBN-10: 0070352496

ISBN-13: 9780070352490

This reissued variation (originally released via McGraw-Hill in 1985) of "A Century of Psychology as technological know-how" assesses the accomplishments, prestige and clients of psychology on the finish of its first century as a technology, whereas supplying a brand new postscript. The essays mirror the forty three participants' particular disciplines, but converse to the wider thematic factor of "fundamental psychology". one of the fields addressed are sensory techniques and belief, studying, motivation, emotion, cognition, improvement, character and social psychology. This paintings stories psychology's first century and goals to supply a clean perception on psychology because it enters its moment century.

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It is now more than twenty years since William Dray challenged the applicability of the deductive-nomological model to historiography on grounds that are essen­ tially Aristotelian (Dray, 1 9 57). In his essay, Dray argued that the historian's task is often one of determining the rationale, the objectives, and motives of an actor. These do not behave like "efficient causes" or the purely material antecedents in the realm of natural science. Hempel ( 1 965) replied to this criticism by proposing to treat such reasons or motives as nomologically similar to natural causes.

Imaginary "boundary conditions, " counterfactual as­ sumptions re mathematical properties of the data), proposing an "as if" model observing that set of restrictions, and then gratefully falling prey to total amnesia for those restrictions. Tendency to select-usually on extraneous bases like amenability to "con­ trol" or to contemplated modes of mathematical treatment-a "simple case" and then to assume that it will be merely a matter of time and energy until the "complex case" can be handled by application of easy composition rules.

For Mach especially, any program or orientation that would thus ignore the facts of mental life-including thought, feeling, and volition-must be taken as preposterous on its face. His position on such matters was conveyed (in 1 886) by a passage in which he attempted to set limits on anthropomorphic explanations: We ask whether animals have sensations, when the assumption of sensations helps us better understand their behavior as observed by means of our own senses. The behavior of a crystal is already completely determined for our senses; and thus to ask whether a crystal has sensations, which would provide us with no further explana­ tion of its behavior, is a question without any practical or scientific meaning (Mach, 1 886/1 959, pp.

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A Century of psychology as science by Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary

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